Arizona specifically bans use of state funding for embryonic stem cell research. Louisiana Bans Research on Embryos Created Through In Vitro Fertilization. Michigan, Iowa, Arkansas, North Dakota and South Dakota have banned research on cloned embryos. South Dakota Law Goes Further and Bans Stem Cell Research on All Embryos, Regardless of Source.
No federal law banned stem cell research in the United States, but only imposed restrictions on funding and use, under the power of Congress to spend. Six other states (Arkansas, Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, North Dakota and South Dakota) prohibit research. Three states, Iowa, Massachusetts and Missouri, have affirmed their legality but do not offer funding. Some members of Congress think researchers should be able to obtain and destroy live human embryos for federally funded stem cell research.
But such destruction of embryos for research appears to be illegal (regardless of source of funding) in nine states. Therefore, federal funding proposals would force many taxpayers to approve destructive cell extraction, which is a serious crime in their home state. Stem cell research is legal in the United States, however, there are restrictions on funding and use. Other states are taking similar steps to curb stem cell research.
Their movements are reverse images of legislation in Maryland, New Jersey, California, New York and other states that passed their own laws that encourage and even fund stem cell research despite restrictions imposed by former President George W. There are several states that have developed highly restrictive policies that would exclude many types of experiments that are fundamental to current stem cell research. A scientist planning to conduct research on human embryonic stem cells (ESC) at the UCM would have had to organize the new laboratory facilities into two sets of physically and functionally separate laboratories. The donor should be informed that the embryonic stem cells would be derived from the embryos for research purposes.
Although New Jersey's advocates of stem cell research vowed to make another electoral effort following its narrowly defeated, none has yet materialized. Therefore, this law prohibits not only the destruction of the embryo to obtain stem cells (regardless of the source of funding), but also research with the resulting cells (regardless of whether the cells were collected in that state or elsewhere). A bill introduced last week in the Texas legislature would ban the use of state funds for stem cell research. Bush called for a revision of the NIH guidelines and, following a political discussion within his circle of supporters, implemented a policy in August of that year to limit the number of embryonic stem cell lines that could be used for research.
Probably the most interesting departure from other granting agency approaches is the ethical framework for human embryonic stem cell research that was developed as state regulations through the Scientific and Medical Responsibility Standards Working Group. At one end of the spectrum, eight states (California, Connecticut, Illinois, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New York) encourage embryonic stem cell research, while at the other end of the spectrum, South Dakota strictly prohibits embryo research. Recent national surveys indicate that the majority of the US public is in favor of federal support for embryonic stem cell research, and in last year's elections, both Democratic and Republican political candidates systematically defeated their anti-stem cell competitors. Connecticut and Maryland adopted California's approach of creating a peer review process to allocate state funding to stem cells.
Yes, limits the use of state funding for embryonic stem cell research; restrictions only apply to state health care cash funds provided by tobacco settlement dollars. Judge Lamberth found a conflict between Obama's Executive Order and Congress's intent on the “Dickey-Wicker Amendment” and issued a court order preventing NIH from supporting embryonic stem cell research. Today, the only stem cells currently used to treat diseases come from adult stem cells that form blood cells found in the bone marrow. .